SSEC

Acronyms, Abbreviations, and Terms

A

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  • A Ampere
  • A3RI Antarctic Astronomy and Astrophysics Research Institute
  • AAAS American Association for the Advancement of Science
  • AAS American Astronomical Society
  • ABBA Automated Biomass Burning Algorithm
  • ABI Advanced Baseline Imager (GOES)
  • ABLE Amazon Boundary Layer Experiment
  • ABOM Australian Bureau of Meteorology* (abbreviation no longer used. 12-2004)
  • ABS Advanced Baseline Sounder
  • ac or AC alternating current
  • ACARS Aeronautical Radio, Inc. Communication and Recording System
  • ACC Atlantic Climate Change
  • ACIS ACademic Information Services (IBM)
  • ACRIM Active Cavity Radiometer Irradiance Monitor (EOS)
  • ACS Asynchronous Communications Server
  • ADA Americans with Disabilities Act
  • ADC Astronomical Data Center
  • ADC Atlantic Data Coverage (Meteosat)
  • ADDE Abstract Distributive Data Environment
  • ADEOS ADvanced Earth Observing Satellite (Japan)
  • ADOM Acid Deposition and Oxidant Model
  • ADP Administrative Data Processing (UW-Madison)
  • ADR Adiabatic Demagnetization Refrigerator
  • AERI Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer
  • AES Atmospheric Environment Service (Canada)
  • AF Air Force
  • AFB Air Force Base
  • AFGL Air Force Geophysics Laboratory
  • AFOS Automation of Field Operations and Services (NWS)
  • AFOSR Air Force Office of Scientific Research
  • AFWEX Atmospheric Radiation Measurement First ISCCP Regional field Experiment Water Vapor Experiment (Nov.-Dec. 2000)
  • AGCM Atmospheric General Circulation Model
  • AGCM Australian General Circulation Model
  • AGFS Aviation Gridded Forecast System
  • AGL Above Ground Level
  • AGO Automated Geophysical Observatories
  • AGU American Geophysical Union
  • AHSRL Arctic High Spectral Resolution Lidar
  • AI Artificial Intelligence
  • AIAA American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics
  • AIREP AIRcraft REPort
  • AIRS Atmospheric InfraRed Sounder (EOS)
  • AISC Assessment and Information Services Center
  • AIX Advanced Interactive eXecutive (IBMM-^Rs UNIX)
  • AJ Astronomical Journal
  • a.k.a. also known as
  • ALERT Automated Local Evaluation in Real Time
  • ALEXI Atmospheric Land EXchange Inversion (CIMSS)
  • ALPEX ALPine EXperiment
  • ALSPP Atmospheric and Land Surface Processes Project
  • ALT ALTimeter
  • AMANDA Antarctic Muon and Neutrino Detector Array
  • amp Ampere
  • AMPS Antarctic Mesoscale Prediction System
  • AMRC Antarctic Meteorological Research Center
  • AMRIR Advanced Medium Resolution Infrared Radiometer
  • AMS American Meteorological Society
  • AMSAS AOA Meteorological Satellite Analysis System
  • AMSR-E Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer for EOS
  • AMSU Advanced Microwave Sounder Unit (EOS)
  • AniS AnimationS applet
  • ANL Argonne National Laboratory
  • ANSI American National Standards Institute
  • AO Announcement of Opportunity
  • AOA Airborne Optical Adjunct
  • AO&SS Atmospheric, Oceanic and Space Sciences (building)
  • AOML Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory (NOAA)
  • AOS (Department of) Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences
  • AOT Aerosol Optical Thickness
  • AP Anomalous Propagation
  • AP Associated Press
  • API Application Program Interface
  • Ap.J Astrophysical Journal
  • APP AVHRR Polar Pathfinder
  • APSATS Asia-Pacific Satellite Applications Training Seminar.
  • APT Automatic Picture Transmission
  • APU Auxiliary Power Unit
  • ARA Appletalk Remote Access
  • ARC Ames Research Center (NASA)
  • ARC Arctic Radiation and Chemistry experiment
  • ARCMIP Arctic Regional Climate Model Intercomparison Project
  • ARCSyM Arctic Region Climate System Model
  • ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (DOE)
  • ARM Australian Region McIDAS
  • ARPA Advanced Research Projects Agency (DOD, formerly DARPA)
  • ARPS Advanced Regional Prediction System
  • ARSLOE Atlantic Remote Sensing Land/Ocean Experiment
  • ASA Academic Staff Assembly
  • ASA Antarctic Support Associates
  • ASADA Automated Smoke/Aerosol Detection Algorithm
  • ASCII American Standard Code for Information Interchange
  • ASDAR Aircraft to Satellite DAta Relay
  • ASEAN Association of SouthEast Asian Nations
  • ASHOE Airborne Southern Hemisphere Ozone Experiment
  • ASIS American Society for Information Science
  • ASOS Automated Surface Observing System (NWS)
  • ASPB Advanced Satellite Products Branch (NOAA/STAR)
  • ASPT Advanced Satellite Products Team (NOAA/ORA)
  • ASPRO Academic Staff Public Representation Organization
  • ASR Airport Surveillance Radar
  • ASRC Arctic Slope Regional Corporation
  • ASTER Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection radiometer (EOS)
  • ASTEX Atlantic STratus EXperiment
  • AT&T American Telephone & Telegraph
  • ATBD Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document (EOS)
  • ATC Air Traffic Control
  • ATM Asynchronous Transfer Mode
  • ATM Division of ATMospheric Sciences (NSF)
  • ATMES ATmospheric Model Evaluation Study
  • ATOVS Advanced TIROS Operational Vertical Sounder
  • A-TReC Atlantic THORPEX Regional Campaign
  • ATS Applications Technology Satellite
  • AU Astronomical Unit
  • AURA Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy
  • AUTONAV AUTOmatic NAVigation
  • AVE-SESAME Atmospheric Variability Experiment-Severe Environmental Storm and Mesoscale Experiment (1970s)
  • AVHRR Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer
  • AVIRIS Airborne Visible InfraRed Imaging Spectrometer (JPL)
  • AWC Aviation Weather Center (form. NSSFC; NWS Center)
  • AWG Algorithm Working Group
  • AWIPS Advanced Weather Interactive Processing System (NWS)
  • AWS Air Weather Service (USAF)
  • AWS Automatic Weather Stations

B

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  • BACIMO
  • BAHC Biospheric Aspects of the Hydrological Cycle
  • BAMS Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society
  • BAPMoN Background Air Pollution Monitoring Network (WMO)
  • BASE-A Biomass burning Airborne and Spaceborne Experiment-Amazonia
  • baud one bit per second
  • BBS Bulletin Board System
  • BBXRT Broad Band X-Ray Telescope
  • BCS Broadband Cable System (UW)
  • BIBEX Biomass Burning Experiment
  • bit binary digit
  • BITNET Because ItM-^Rs Time NETwork
  • BLCMD BiLevel CoMmanD (DXS)
  • BLIS Boundary Layer Instrumentation System
  • BMEE Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering
  • BMO British Meteorological Office
  • BMRC Bureau of Meteorology Research Centre (Australia)
  • BOM Bureau of Meteorology (abbreviation no longer used.* Australia)
  • BOREAS Boreal Ecosystems Atmosphere Study (BAHC/GEWEX)
  • bpi bits per inch
  • bps or BPS bits per second
  • BSEE Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering
  • BTD brightness temperature difference
  • BTW By The Way (e-mail)
  • BUFR Binary Universal FoRm
  • BUV Backscattered UltraViolet

C

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  • C Capacitance
  • C Centigrade
  • CAC Climate Analysis Center
  • CACGP Commission of Atmospheric Chemistry and Global Pollution (IAMAP)
  • CAD Computer Aided Design
  • CALS College of Agricultural and Life Sciences (UWM-^VMadison)
  • CAMEX Convection and Moisture Experiment
  • CAMS Calibrated Airborne Multispectral Scanner
  • CaPE Convection and Precipitation/Electrification Experiment (STORM)
  • CAPE Convective Available Potential Energy
  • CAPPI Constant Altitude Plan Position Indicator
  • CAPS Center for the Analysis and Prediction of Storms
  • CARA Center for Astrophysical Research in Antarctica
  • CART Cloud And Radiation Testbed (DOE/ARM)
  • CAS Calibrated Air Speed
  • CASPR Cloud and Surface Parameter Retrieval
  • CAT Carbon Dioxide Absorption Technique
  • CCD Charge-Coupled Device
  • CCFF Cape Canaveral Forecasting Facility
  • CCM Community Climate Model
  • CCN Cloud Condensation Nucleus (or Nuclei)
  • CCR Center for Climatic Research (IES)
  • CCT Computer Compatible Tape
  • CDDF Central Data Distribution Facility
  • CDDIS Crustal Dynamics Data Information System
  • CDE Common Desktop Environment
  • CDF Common Data Format (NASA/SSDC)
  • CDF Communications Data Field
  • CD-ROM Compact Disc-Read Only Memory
  • CEES Committee on Earth and Environmental Sciences (U.S.)
  • CEOS Committee for Earth Observation Satellites
  • CEPEX Central Equatorial Pacific EXperiment
  • CERES Clouds and the EarthM-^Rs Radiant Energy System (EOS)
  • CERN Conseil Europeen pour la Recherche Nucleaire (European Laboratory for Particle Physics; Geneva, Switzerland)
  • CFC ChloroFluoroCarbon
  • CFTC Commodity Futures Trading Commission
  • CG Center of Gravity (DXS)
  • CGC Climate and Global Change
  • CGCP Climate & Global Change Program
  • CGI Common Gateway Interface (Internet)
  • CGM Computer Graphics Metafile
  • CGMS Coordination Group for Meteorological Satellites (international group)
  • CGSE Customer electrical Ground Support Equipment (DXS)
  • CH4 methane
  • CHAMEX Cloud Height And Motion EXperiment
  • CHAMMP Computer Hardware, Advanced Mathematics and Model Physics
  • CHAMP
  • CIASTA Cooperative Institute for Atmospheric Sciences and Terrestrial Applications
  • CICA Center for Innovative Computer Applications
  • CICS Cooperative Institute for Climate Studies (U.Maryland)
  • CIESIN Consortium for International Earth Science Information Network (U.S.)
  • CIMMS Cooperative Institute for Mesoscale Meteorological Studies (OK)
  • CIMSS Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies
  • CIRA Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere (CSU)
  • CIRES Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences (CO)
  • CIRRUS Cloud InfraRed Radiometer for UnESS
  • CIRTL Center for the Integration of Research, Teaching and Learning
  • CISE Directorate for Computer and Information Science and Engineering (NSF)
  • CIT Convection-Induced Turbulence
  • CITA Center for IT Accommodation (GSA)
  • CITE Cargo Integration and Test Equipment (DXS)
  • CITE Chemical Instrument Test and Evaluation (NASA GTE)
  • CLASS Cross-chain Loran Atmospheric Sounding System
  • CLAVR Clouds from AVHRR
  • CLS Cloud Lidar System
  • CMA China Meteorological Administration
  • CMAQ Community Multiscale Air Quality model (EPA)
  • CMS Conversational Monitoring System
  • CNA ComisiM-sn Nacional del Agua (Mexico)
  • CNES Centre National dM-^REtudes Spatiales
  • CNN Cable News Network
  • CNRS Centre National de la RM-icherche Scientifique
  • CO carbon monoxide
  • CO2 carbon dioxide
  • COADS Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Dataset
  • COARE Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Research Experiment (TOGA)
  • CODAR COrrelation Detection And Ranging
  • COHMEX COoperative Huntsville Meteorological EXperiment
  • Co-I CoInvestigator
  • COMET Cooperative Program for Operational Meteorology Education and Training (NOAA and UCAR)
  • COMSAT COMmunications SATellite
  • CONUS CONtinental (or CONterminus) United States
  • COSPAR Committee On SPAce Research
  • COSTAR Corrective Optics Space Telescope Axial Replacement
  • COTS Commercial Off-The-Shelf
  • CPA Certified Public Accountant
  • CPC Climate Prediction Center (NWS Center)
  • cpi characters per inch
  • CPL Cloud Physics Lidar
  • CPR CardioPulmonary Resuscitation
  • CPSC Consumer Product Safety Commission
  • CPU Central Processing Unit
  • CRAS CIMSS Regional Assimilation System
  • CREST Cooperative Remote Sensing Science and Technology Center (Puerto Rico)
  • CrIS Cross-track Infrared Sounder
  • CrO2 Chromium Oxide
  • CRT Cathode Ray Tube
  • CS Computer Science
  • CS&S Computer Sciences and Statistics (UW-MSN)
  • CSBT Clear-Sky Brightness Temperature
  • CSC Computer Sciences Corporation
  • CSI Coastal Studies Institute (LSU)
  • CSIRO Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization
  • CSIS Centralized Storm Information System
  • CSM Comprehensive System Model
  • CSMP Climate System Modeling Project
  • CSREES Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service (USDA)
  • CST Central Standard Time
  • CST Convective-Stratiform Technique
  • CSU Colorado State University (Ft. Collins)
  • CTD Conductivity-Temperature-Depth
  • CTP Cloud-Top Pressure
  • CTS Committee on Teaching of Science
  • CU University of Colorado
  • CVS Concurrent Versions System
  • CWB Central Weather Bureau (Taiwan)
  • CZCS Coastal Zone Color Scanner

D

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  • DAAC Distributed Active Archive Center
  • DAO Data Assimilation Office (NASA)
  • DARPA Department of Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
  • DASD Direct Access Storage Device
  • DAT Digital Audio Tape
  • DC Detector Controller (DXS)
  • dc direct current
  • DCS Data Collection System (NOAA polar orbiting satellites)
  • DDE Distributive Data Environment (McIDAS)
  • DDS Domestic Data Service (NWS)
  • DE Detector Electronics (DXS)
  • DEC Digital Equipment Corporation
  • DESY Deutsches Elektronen-SYnchrotron
  • DFAD Digital Feature Analysis Data
  • DFRC Dryden Flight Research Center
  • DGVM Dynamic Global Vegetation Model (GAIM)
  • DIFAX DIgital FAcsimile map
  • DILHR Department of Industry, Labor & Human Relations
  • DIS Data and Information System
  • disc optical media (CDs)
  • DISEL Diseno e Ingenieria de Systemas Electronicos
  • disk magnetic media (floppies)
  • DIU Detector Interface Unit (DXS)
  • DLESE The Digital Library for Earth System Education
  • DLL (or .dll) Dynamic Link Libraries
  • DMA Defense Mapping Agency
  • DMAP Digital MAPping, charting and geodesy analysis program (USN)
  • DMIC Deputy Meteorologist-In-Charge (NWS)
  • DMS DiMethylSulphide
  • DMSP Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (USAF)
  • DNAG Decade of North American Geology
  • DNR Department of Natural Resources
  • DNS Domain Name System
  • DOA Department of Administration (U.S.)
  • DOC Department of Commerce (U.S.)
  • DOD Department of Defense (U.S.)
  • DODS Distributed Ocean Data System
  • DOE Department of Energy (U.S.)
  • DOI Department of the Interior (U.S.)
  • DoIT Department of Information Technology (UW-MSN)
  • DOJ Department of Justice (U.S.)
  • DOL Department of Labor (U.S.)
  • DORIS Doppler Orbitography and Radiopositioning Integrated by Satellite (EOS)
  • DOS Department of State (U.S.)
  • DOS Disk Operating System
  • DOT Department of Transportation (U.S.)
  • DPI Department of Public Instruction
  • DPI Derived Product Imagery
  • DPS Detector Power Supply
  • DPS Division of Planetary Science
  • DPSS Data Processing Services Subsystem
  • DRIBU DRIfting BUoy data
  • DS2 Second Dark Spot (Neptune)
  • DSDP Deep Sea Drilling Project
  • DSP Digital Signal Processing
  • DST Data Systems Test
  • DTE Data Terminal Equipment
  • DTED Digital Terrain Elevation Data
  • DXS Diffuse X-ray Spectrometer

E

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  • E&CE Electrical and Computer Engineering
  • EAA Experimental Aircraft Association
  • EADS Engineering and Data Analysis System
  • EarthKAM Earth Knowledge Acquired by Middle-schoolers
  • EBCDIC Extended Binary-Coded Decimal Interchange Code
  • ECA Effective Cloud Amount
  • ECB Educational Communications Board
  • ECMWF European Centre for Medium-range Weather Forecasts
  • ECOSOC ECOnomic and SOcial Council (UN)
  • ED Department of Education (U.S.)
  • EDAS Eta Data Assimilation System
  • EDC EROS Data Center
  • EGA Enhanced Graphics Adapter
  • EGSE Electrical Ground Support Equipment
  • EHWD Enhanced Hot Water Drill
  • EIA Electronic Industries Association
  • EM ElectroMagnetic
  • e-mail or email electronic mail
  • EMC ElectroMagnetic Compatibility
  • EMC Environmental Modeling Center (NWS Center)
  • EMI ElectroMagnetic Interference
  • EMT Emergency Medical Technician
  • ENSO El NiM-qo/Southern Oscillation
  • EOS Earth Observing System
  • EOSDIS Earth Observing System Data and Information System
  • EOSP Earth Observing Scanner Polarimeter
  • EPA Environmental Protection Agency (U.S.)
  • EPS European Polar Satellite
  • ER-2 Earth Resources (plane), #2 (NASA)
  • ERA Employee Reimbursement Account
  • ERBE Earth Radiation Budget Experiment
  • ERBS Earth Radiation Budget Satellite
  • ERICA Experiment on Rapidly Intensifying Cyclones over the Atlantic
  • ERL Environmental Research Laboratory (NOAA)
  • EROS Earth Resources Observing System
  • ERS ESA Remote Sensing satellite
  • ERSAF Environment Remote Sensing Analysis Facility
  • ERSC Environmental Remote Sensing Center (IES)
  • ESA European Space Agency
  • ESDD Earth Science Data Directory
  • ESE Earth Science Enterprise (NASA)
  • ESMR Electrically Scanning Microwave Radiometer
  • ESOC European Satellite Operations Center
  • ESSA Environmental Science Services Administration (preceded NOAA)
  • ESSP Earth System Science Pathfinder Mission (ESSP)
  • ESTEC European Space TEchnical Center
  • ETAC Environmental Technical Applications Center (USAF)
  • EUMETSAT EUropean organization for the exploitation of METeorological SATellites
  • EVA Extra Vehicular Activity

F

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  • FAA Federal Aviation Administration
  • FAM Flight Assurance Manager (DXS)
  • FAO Food and Agriculture Organization (UN)
  • FAQ Frequently Asked Questions (Internet)
  • Fax facsimile
  • FCCC Framework Convention on Climate Change
  • FD Flight Day (NASA)
  • FDA Food and Drug Administration (U.S.)
  • FDIC Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (U.S.)
  • FedEx Federal Express (colloquial till mid-1994, then new name)
  • FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency (U.S.)
  • FFA Future Farmers of America
  • FFT Fast Fourier Transform
  • FGGE First GARP Global Experiment
  • FIFE First ISLSCP Field Experiment
  • FIFO First In, First Out
  • FIRE First ISCCP Regional Field Experiment
  • FLAMBE Fire Locating and Monitoring of Burning Emissions
  • FLOP FLoating point OPeration
  • FLOWS FAA-Lincoln Operational Weather Study
  • FNMOC Fleet Numerical Meteorology and Oceanography Center (U.S. Navy)
  • FOB Federal Office Building
  • FOC Faint Object Camera (HST)
  • FORTRAN FORMula TRANslation
  • FOS Family Of Services (NWS)
  • FOV Field Of View
  • FPDT Forecast Products Development Team (NOAA/ORA)
  • FPO Field Project Office
  • FRB Federal Reserve Board (U.S.)
  • FSL Forecast Systems Laboratory (a NOAA ERL)
  • FTC Federal Trade Commission (U.S.)
  • FTE Full-Time Equivalent
  • FTP File Transfer Protocol (TCP/IP)
  • FTS Fourier Transform Spectrometer (HIS, AERI, etc.)
  • FY Fiscal Year
  • FYI For Your Information

G

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  • GAC Global Area Coverage
  • GAIM Global Analysis, Interpretation and Modeling (IGBP)
  • GALE Genesis of Atlantic Lows Experiment
  • GAO General Accounting Office (U.S.)
  • GAPEX Ground-based Atmospheric Profiling EXperiment
  • GARP Global Atmospheric Research Program
  • GARS GOES Archive and Retrieval System
  • GASP GOES Aerosol Smoke Product
  • GATE GARP Atlantic Tropical Experiment
  • GAW Global Atmosphere Watch (WMO)
  • GB or Gb Gigabyte
  • GB-HIS Ground-Based HIS
  • GCIP GEWEX Continental-scale International Project
  • GCM General Circulation Model
  • GCOS Global Climate Observing System
  • GCRP Global Change Research Program
  • GCTE Global Change and Terrestrial Ecosystems (IGBP)
  • GDAS Global Data Assimilation System
  • GDEM Generalized Digital Environmental Model
  • GDS Great Dark Spot (Neptune)
  • GEMPAK GEneral Meteorological PAcKage (NASA/GSFC)
  • GEODAS GEOphysical DAta System
  • GEOS GEodetic Orbiting Satellite
  • GEOS Geodynamics Experimental Ocean Satellite
  • GEOSAT GEOdetic SATellite
  • GET-WISE Geoscience Enhancement for Teachers-Wisconsin Initiative for Space Education
  • GEWEX Global Energy and Water cycle EXperiment (WCRP)
  • GFDL Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (NOAA)
  • GFMAO Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (NASA)
  • GGI Global positioning system Geoscience Instrument
  • GHz GigaHertz
  • GIF Graphics Interchange Format
  • GIFTS Geosynchronous Imaging Fourier Transform Spectrometer
  • GIFTS-IOMI GIFTS-Indian Ocean METOC Imager(U.S.Navy)
  • GIMPAP GOES I/M Product Assurance Plan
  • GINI GOES Ingest & NOAAport Interface
  • GIS Geographic Information System
  • GISP Greenland Ice Sheet Project (PAGES)
  • GISS Goddard Institute for Space Studies
  • GLAS Geoscience Laser Altimeter System (ICEsat)
  • GLAS Goddard Laboratory for Atmospheric Sciences
  • GLERL Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory (NOAA)
  • GLIS Global Land Information System (USGS)
  • GLOBE Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment
  • GLRS Geoscience Laser Ranging System
  • GMD Grants Management Division (NOAA)
  • GMS Geostationary Meteorological Satellite (Japan)
  • GMT Greenwich Mean Time (repl. by UTC)
  • GO3OS Global Ozone Observing System (WMO)
  • GOES Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite
  • GOEZS Global Ocean Euphotic Zone Study (IGBP)
  • GOFC Global Observation of Forest Cover
  • GOLD Global Observation of Landcover Dynamics
  • GORF Goddard Optical Research Facility
  • GOS Geomagnetic Observing System
  • GOWON Gulf Offshore Weather Observing Network
  • GPCI General Purpose Channel Interface
  • GPHIS GeoPlatform High-resolution Interferometer Sounder
  • GPS Global Positioning System
  • GRASP GRaphic Animation System for Professionals
  • GRIB GRIdded Binary
  • GSA General Services Administration (U.S.)
  • GSAS Geostationary Satellite Archive System
  • GSE Ground Support Equipment
  • GSFC Goddard Space Flight Center
  • GSOS GPS Surface Observing System
  • GTE Global Tropospheric Experiment (NASA)
  • GTM Global Transport Model
  • GTS Global Telecommunication System (WMO)
  • GUFMEX GUlF of Mexico EXperiment
  • GUI Graphical User Interface
  • GVAR GOES VARiable
  • GWE Global Weather Experiment (a.k.a. FGGE)
  • GWINDEX GOES Rapid-Scan Winds Experiment

H

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  • H2O water (vapor)
  • HAASC Hughes/Aerojet/Aerospace/Space Command
  • HAWC High-resolution Airborne Wideband Camera
  • HDF Hierarchical Data Format
  • HDS High-resolution Data Stream (NWS)
  • HEAB High Energy Astrophysics Branch (NASA)
  • HES Hyperspectral Environmental Suite(NOAA, formerly the Advanced Baseline Sounder)
  • HF High Frequency
  • HHS Department of Health and Human Services (U.S.)
  • HIMSS HIgh-resolution Microwave Spectrometer Sounder
  • HIRDLS HIgh-Resolution Dynamics Limb Sounder (EOS)
  • HIRES HIgh RESolution
  • HIRIS HIgh-Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (EOS)
  • HIRS High-resolution Infrared Radiation Sounder
  • HIS High-resolution Interferometer Sounder
  • HITC Hughes Information Technology Company
  • HLA Human Leukocyte Antigen
  • HMO Health Maintenance Organization
  • HMS Hazard Mapping System (NOAA)
  • HP Hewlett-Packard
  • hPa hectopascal
  • HPC Hydrometeorological Prediction Center (NWS Center)
  • HPCC High Performance Computing and Communications
  • HPD Hourly Precipitation Data
  • HPGL Hewlett Packard Graphics Language
  • HQ HeadQuarters
  • HRIR High Resolution Infrared Radiometer
  • HRPT High Resolution Picture Transmission
  • HRS High-Resolution data Service (NWS)
  • HSB Humidity Sounder for Brazil
  • HSP High Speed Photometer
  • HSR High Spectral Resolution
  • HSRL High Spectral Resolution Lidar
  • HST Hubble Space Telescope
  • HTML HyperText Markup Language
  • HTTP HyperText Transfer Protocol (World Wide Web)
  • HUD Department of Housing and Urban Development (U.S.)
  • HVPS High Voltage Power Supply
  • Hz Hertz

I

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  • IAF International Astronautical Federation
  • IAMAP International Association of Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics
  • IAP Institute for Atmospheric Physics (PRC)
  • IAPP International ATOVS Processing Package
  • IASI Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer (Europe)
  • IBL Internal Boundary Layer
  • IBM International Business Machines
  • ICDS Ice Coring and Drilling Services
  • ICE Image Composite Editor
  • ICEsat Ice, Cloud and land Elevation Satellite (NASA)
  • ICI Inversion Coupled with Imager (Meteo France)
  • ICSU International Council of Scientific Unions
  • IDD Internet Data Distribution (Unidata)
  • IDEA Infusing satellite Data into Environmental Applications (NASA, EPA, NOAA)
  • IDL Interactive Data Language
  • IDS International Data Service (NWS)
  • IDV Integrated Data Viewer (Unidata)
  • IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
  • IERC IceCube Education Resource Center
  • IES Institute for Environmental Studies
  • IG Inspector General
  • IGAC International Global Atmospheric Chemistry Project (IGBP)
  • IGARSS International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium
  • IGBP International Geosphere-Biosphere Program (ICSU)
  • IGFA International Group of Funding Agencies (IGBP)
  • IHC Interdepartmental Hurricane Conference
  • IHOP International H2O Project
  • IIPS (International Conference on) Interactive Information and Processing Systems (for Meteorology, Oceanography, and Hydrology-AMS)
  • IMAP Internet Message Access Protocol
  • IMAPP International MODIS/AIRS Processing Package
  • IMAX MAXimum Image
  • IMD India Meteorology Department
  • IMDC Instructional Media Development Center (UW)
  • IMG Interferometric Monitor for Greenhouse gases
  • IMS Interactive Multisensor Snow and Ice Mapping System (NOAA)
  • INM Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia (Spain)
  • INO Institute for Naval Oceanography
  • INPE Instituto de Pesquisas Espaciais (Brazil)
  • INTERNET INTERconnected computer NETwork
  • I/O Input/Output
  • IOMI Indian Ocean METOC Imager (Navy)
  • IOP Intensive Observing Period
  • IP Internet Protocol
  • IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (WMO/UNEP)
  • IPEI Ionospheric Plasma and Electrodynamics Instrument
  • IPL Initial Program Load
  • IR InfraRed
  • IR/MW
  • IRIS Infrared Radiation Interferometer Spectrometer (1960s)
  • IRS Internal Revenue Service (U.S.)
  • IRTF Infrared Telescope Facility (NASA)
  • ISCCP International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (WCRP)
  • ISDN Integrated Services Digital Network
  • ISI Information Services International
  • ISI Institute for Scientific Information
  • ISLSCP International Satellite Land Surface Climatology Project (WCRP)
  • ISO International Standards Organization
  • ISP Internet Service Provider
  • ISRO Indian Space Research Organisation
  • ISS International Space Station
  • ISY International Space Year (1992)
  • ITASE International Trans-Antarctic Scientific Expedition
  • ITCZ InterTropical Convergence Zone
  • ITOVS International TOVS
  • ITOS Improved Television and infrared Observation Satellite (1970s)
  • ITPP International TOVS Processing Package
  • ITS Interferometer Thermal Sounder (HIS)
  • ITSC International TOVS Study Conference
  • ITT International Telephone and Telegraph
  • ITWG International TOVS Working Group
  • IUGG International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics
  • IWG Implementation Working Group
  • IWGDMGC Interagency Working Group on Data Management for Global Change

J

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  • JAM Journal of Applied Meteorology
  • JASIN Joint Air-Sea INteraction
  • JCL Job Control Language
  • JCSDA Joint Center for Satellite Data Assimilation
  • JGOFS Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (IGBP)
  • JGR Journal of Geophysical Research
  • JMA Japanese Meteorological Agency
  • JOI Joint Oceanographic Institutions
  • JOSS Joint Office for Science Support (UCAR)
  • JPEG Joint Photographic Experts Group
  • JPL Jet Propulsion Laboratory
  • JSC Johnson Space Center (NASA, Houston)

K

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  • K Kelvin
  • K Kilo, thousand
  • KM-^V12 Kindergarten through 12th grade
  • Kb/s kilobits per second
  • km kilometer
  • KSC Kennedy Space Center

L

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  • LAC Local Area Coverage
  • LAFM Limited-Area Fine Mesh
  • Lake-ICE Lake-Induced Convection Experiment
  • LAMBADA Large scale Atmospheric Moisture Balance of Amazonia using Data Assimilation (BAHC/GEWEX)
  • LAMPS Limited-Area Mesoscale Prediction System
  • LAN Local Area Network
  • LAPS Local Analysis and Prediction System
  • LaRC Langley Research Center (NASA)
  • laser Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation
  • LAWS Laser Atmospheric Wind Sounder (EOS)
  • LBA Large-Scale Atmosphere-Biosphere Experiment in Amazonia
  • LBLRTM Line-By-Line Radiative Transfer Model
  • LDA Local Data Acquisition
  • LDM Local Data Manager (Unidata)
  • LDW Loran DropWindsonde
  • LED Light Emitting Diode
  • LES Large Eddy Simulation
  • LFM Limited-area Fine Mesh (NMC)
  • LI Lifted Index
  • LIDAR LIght Detection And Ranging
  • LIMS Limb Infrared Monitor of the Stratosphere
  • LIS Lightning Imaging Sensor
  • LMD Laboratoire de Meteorologie Dynamique (France)
  • LOC Library of Congress
  • LOICZ Land-Ocean Interactions in the Coastal Zone (IGBP)
  • LORAN LOng RAnge Navigation
  • LPN Licensed Practical Nurse
  • LSE Land Surface Emissivity
  • LST Land Surface Temperature
  • LSU Louisiana State University
  • LTE Limited Term Employee

M

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  • m meter(s)
  • M million (finance)
  • MACC Madison Academic Computing Center
  • MAGICS Meteorological Applications Graphics Integrated Colour System
  • MAMS Multispectral Atmospheric Mapping Sensor
  • MAPS Mesoscale Analysis and Prediction System (NOAA/FSL)
  • MAS MODIS Airborne Simulator
  • mb millibar(s)
  • Mb or MB Megabytes (or megabits)
  • MBA Master of Business Administration
  • Mbps Megabytes per second
  • Mb/s Megabytes per second
  • MBT Mechanical BathyThermograph
  • McIDAS Man computer Interactive Data Access System
  • McIDAS-MVS McIDAS on Multiple Virtual Storage
  • McIDAS-OS2 PC-McIDAS on Operating System/2
  • McIDAS-X McIDAS running a UNIX-based operating system
  • McIDAS-XCD McIDAS running UNIX for Conventional Data
  • McIDAS-XSD McIDAS running UNIX for Satellite Data
  • MCS Mesoscale Convective System
  • MD Meteorological Data (McIDAS)
  • MDR Manually Digitized Radar
  • MECCA Model Evaluation Consortium for Climate Assessment (UCAR)
  • MELV Minimum Local Emissivity Variance
  • MERLIN Multisource EnviRonmental data dispLay for INternet archives (obsolete)
  • MET Mission Elapsed Time (from time of launch)
  • METAR METeorological Aviation Report
  • Meteosat METEOrological SATellite (European)
  • METOC METeorology and OCeanography
  • METOC METeorological and OCeanographic
  • MHz MegaHertz
  • MIDAS Meteorological Interactive Data Access System
  • MIDDS Meteorological Interactive Data Display System
  • MIEC Meteorological Information Extraction Center
  • MIMR Multifrequency Imaging Microwave Radiometer
  • MISR Multi-angle Imaging Spectro-Radiometer (EOS)
  • MIST MIcroburst and Severe Thunderstorm program
  • MIT Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • MLEV Minimum Local Emissivity Variance
  • MLS Master of Library Science
  • MLS Microwave Limb Sounder (EOS)
  • MM5 5th generation Pennsylvania State-NCAR Mesoscale Modeling system
  • MMCR MilliMeter Cloud Radar
  • Modem MOdulator-DEModulator
  • MODIS MODerate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (EOS)
  • MODIS-N MODerate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer-Nadir (EOS)
  • MONEX MONsoon EXperiment
  • MOODS Master Ocean Observation Data Set
  • MOPITT Measurements of Pollution In The Troposphere (EOS)
  • MOS Model Output Statistics
  • MOU Memorandum Of Understanding
  • MPC Marine Prediction Center (NWS Center)
  • MPEG Motion Pictures Experts Group
  • MPL MicroPulse Lidar
  • MPP Massively Parallel Processing
  • MRE Major Research Equipment
  • MRF Medium Range Forecast (NCEP)
  • MSC Meteorological Service of Canada
  • MS-DOS MicroSoft Disk Operating System
  • MSFC Marshall Space Flight Center
  • MSG Meteosat Second Generation
  • MSL Mean Sea Level
  • MSLP MSL Pressure
  • MSS Mass Storage System
  • MSS Multi-Spectral Scanner
  • MSU Microwave Sounding Unit
  • MTDC Modified Total Direct Costs
  • MUG McIDAS UsersM-^R Group
  • MURI Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative (U.S. Navy)
  • MVS Multiple Virtual Storage

N

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  • NAAPS Navy Aerosol Analysis and Prediction System
  • NAIF Navigation Ancillary Information Facility (JPL)
  • NAPAP National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program
  • NAS National Academy of Sciences
  • NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
  • NASDA National Space Development Agency (Japan)
  • NAST-I NPOES Atmospheric Sounder Testbed-Interferometer
  • NAVAID NAVigational AID
  • NCAR National Center for Atmospheric Research
  • NCDC National Climatic Data Center
  • NCDS NASA Climate Data System
  • NCEP National Centers for Environmental Prediction (form. NMC; NWS Center)
  • NCSA National Center for Supercomputing Applications (UI-Urbana/Champaign)
  • NCUA National Credit Union Administration
  • NDBC National Data Buoy Center
  • NDBO Non-Directional Beacon Observation
  • NDVI Normalized Difference Vegetation Index
  • NEA National Endowment for the Arts
  • NEDRES National Environmental Data Referral Service
  • NEDT Noise Equivalent Delta Temperature
  • NEH National Endowment for the Humanities
  • NEPRF Naval Environmental Prediction Research Facility
  • NESDIS National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service (NOAA)
  • netCDF Network Common Data Form (UNIDATA)
  • NETWX NETwork Weather
  • NEXRAD NEXt generation RADar
  • NFRE Net Flux Radiometer Experiment
  • NFS Network File System
  • NGDC National Geophysical Data Center
  • NGM Nested Grid Model (NCEP)
  • NGS National Geodetic Survey
  • NHC National Hurricane Center (1996 colocated with TPC; NWS Center)
  • NIC National Ice Center
  • NIC Network Interface Card
  • NIDS NEXRAD Information Dissemination Service
  • NIDS NEXRAD Information Display System
  • NIH National Institute of Health
  • NII National Information Infrastructure
  • NIMH National Institute of Mental Health
  • NIMS Near Infrared Mapping Spectrometer (Galileo)
  • NIST National Institute for Standards and Technology
  • NLDN National Lightning Detection Network
  • NLS Network Library System
  • nm usually, nautical miles (unless specified as nanometers)
  • NMC National Meteorological Center (old. NCEP, 1996; NWS Center)
  • NML National Media Lab
  • NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
  • NOAAport satellite broadcast service that provides access to NOAA data and products
  • NOAASIS NOAA Satellite Information System
  • NOAO National Optical Astronomy Observatories
  • NOARL Naval Oceanographic and Atmospheric Research Laboratory
  • NOAT NPOESS Operational Algorithm Team
  • NODC National Oceanic Data Center
  • NOGAPS Navy Operational Global Atmospheric Prediction System
  • NOMHICE Non-Methane Hydrocarbon Intercomparison Experiment (IGAC)
  • NOO Naval Oceanographic Office
  • NORDA Naval Ocean Research and Development Activity
  • NORPEX North Pacific Experiment
  • NOS Network Operating System
  • NPOESS National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System
  • NPP NPOESS Preparatory Project
  • NPR National Public Radio
  • NPS Numerical Products Service
  • NRAO National Radio Astronomy Observatory
  • NRC National Research Council
  • NRL Naval Research Laboratory
  • N-ROSS Navy-Remote Ocean Sensing System
  • NSA National Security Agency
  • NSCAT NASA wind SCATterometer
  • NSF National Science Foundation
  • NSFnet NSF network
  • NSIDC National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • NSMC National Satellite Meteorological Center (China)
  • NSSDC National Space Science Data Center
  • NSSFC National Severe Storms Forecast Center (old. 1996 AWC)
  • NSSL National Severe Storms Laboratory (NWS Center)
  • NTIS National Technical Information Service (DOC)
  • NTSB National Transportation Safety Board
  • NTSC National Television Standards Committee
  • NWP Numerical Weather Prediction
  • NWS National Weather Service (NOAA)
  • NWSFO NWS Forecast Office

O

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  • OAO Orbiting Astronomical Observatory
  • OACT Office of Advanced Concepts and Technology (NASA/HEAB)
  • OAR Office of Atmospheric Research (NOAA)
  • OAT Operational Algorithm Team
  • OCEANIC OCEAn Network Information Center
  • OCLC On-line Computer Library Center
  • ODT Objective Dvorak Technique
  • OGP Office of Global Programs
  • OIES Office for Interdisciplinary Earth Studies (UCAR)
  • OIT Office of Information Technology
  • OLS Optical Line Scanner
  • OM Operational Measurement
  • OMB Office of Management and Budget
  • ONR Office of Naval Research
  • OPSAT OPerational SATellite
  • ORNL Oak Ridge National Lab
  • OS/2 Operating System, Version 2
  • OSDPD Office of Satellite Data Production and Distribution (NOAA/NESDIS)
  • OSEI Operational Significant Events Imagery (NOAA)
  • OSO Orbiting Solar Observatory
  • OSS Office of Space Science (NASA)
  • OSSE Office of Space Science Education (SSEC)
  • OSTP Office of Science and Technology Policy (U.S.)
  • OSU Oklahoma State University
  • OWL On-line Weather Looper

P

top
  • PAAP Planetary Astronomy & Atmospheres Programs
  • PAC Processor Augmentation Card
  • PACJET Pacific Landfalling Jets Experiment
  • PAGES Past Global ChanGES
  • PALMS Precision Agricultural-Landscape Modeling System
  • PARTS Program to Address ASEAN Regional Transboundary Smoke
  • Pas Pascal
  • PATHFINDER Probing ATmospHeric/AsTropHysical Flows in an INtegrated and Distributed EnviRonment
  • PBL Problem Based Learning
  • PBS Public Broadcasting Service
  • PbSt Lead Stearate
  • PC-McIDAS Personal Computer-based McIDAS
  • PCRAS CIMSS Regional Assimilation System
  • PDRC Professional Development and Recognition Committee (UW-Madison)
  • PDT Product Development Team
  • PDUS Primary Data Utilization Site
  • PE Processor Element
  • PEOPLE Pre-college Enrichment Opportunity Program for Learning Excellence (UW-Madison)
  • Perl Practical extraction and report language
  • PGU Plant Growth Unit
  • Ph.D. Doctor of Philosophy
  • PHIGS ProgrammerM-^Rs Hierarchical Interactive Graphics System
  • PHOXA PHotochemical OXidant and Acid deposition (Europe)
  • PI Principal Investigator
  • PIFTS Planetary Imaging Fourier Transform Spectrometer
  • PLDS Pilot Land Data System
  • PM Program Manager
  • PMT PhotoMultiplier Tube
  • POCC Payload Operations Control Center (NASA)
  • POES Polar Orbiting Environmental Satellite
  • POP Post Office Protocol
  • PORSEC Pacific Ocean Remote Sensing Conference
  • POSIX Portable Operating System Interface-UNIX
  • PPI scan Plan Position Indicator (lidar)
  • ppm part per million
  • PPP Point to Point Protocol
  • PPS Public Products Service (NWS)
  • P.R. Public Relations
  • PRC PeopleM-^Rs Republic of China
  • PRC, Inc. Planning Research Corporation
  • PROFS Program for Regional Observing and Forecasting Services (NOAA/ERL/FSL)
  • PROM Programmable Read-Only Memory
  • PS/2 Personal System/2
  • PSL Physical Sciences Lab
  • PV PhotoVoltaic
  • PWV Precipitable Water Vapor

Q

top
  • QC Quality Control

R

top
  • RADM Regional Acid Deposition Model
  • RAID Redundant Arrays of Inexpensive Disks
  • RAM Random Access Memory
  • RAMS Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (CSU)
  • RAOB RAdiosonde OBservation
  • RASS Radar Altimeter Speedometer Sounder
  • RASS Radio Acoustic Sounding System
  • RESAC Regional Earth Science Applications Center (NASA)
  • RF Radio Frequency
  • RFI Radio Frequency Interference
  • RFP Request for Proposals
  • RGB Red/Green/Blue
  • RGL ReGionaL forecast Model
  • RHI scan Range-Height Indicator (lidar)
  • RIG Rooftop Instruments Group
  • RISC Reduced Instruction Set Computer
  • RME Relay Mirror Experiment
  • rms or RMS root mean square
  • RMSD Root Mean Square Difference
  • RMSE Root Mean Square Error
  • ROM Read-Only Memory
  • RUC Rapid Update Cycle

S

top
  • SAA South Atlantic Anomaly
  • SAB Satellite Applications Branch (old. NESDIS)
  • SAC Scientific Advisory Council (of IGBP)
  • SAFARI Southern African Regional Science Initiative
  • SAFIRE Spectroscopy of the Atmosphere using Far InfraRed Emission
  • SAG Systems Administration Group
  • SAGE center for Sustainability and the Global Environment (UW-Madison IES)
  • SAGE Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment (EOS)
  • SAIC Science Applications International Corporation
  • SAIDAS Sistema de Adquisicion e Integracion de DAtos de Satelite (Satellite data integration and acquisition system, Spain)
  • SAL Saharan Air Layer
  • SAL Space Astronomy Laboratory
  • SAM Signal Analyzing Monitor
  • SAO Surface Aviation Observation
  • SAR Synthetic Aperture Radar
  • SAs Stratospheric Aerosols
  • SATEM SAtellite TEMperature
  • SATOB SATellite OBservation
  • SBN Satellite Broadcast Network (NOAA)
  • SBRC Santa Barbara Research Center
  • SBUV Solar Backscatter UltraViolet radiometer (EOS)
  • SCAR Scientific Committee for Antarctic Research (ICSU)
  • SCOPE Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment (ICSU)
  • SCOR Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research (ICSU)
  • SCUBA Self-Contained Underwater Breathing Apparatus
  • SDA SSEC Display Adapter
  • SDAB Systems Design and Applications Branch (old. NESDIS)
  • SDHS Satellite Data Handling System
  • SDI SSEC Desktop Ingestor
  • SDL Space Dynamics Laboratory
  • SDM Scientific Data Management (UNIDATA)
  • SDS Satellite Data Services
  • SDSD Satellite Data Services Division
  • S|E|A Software Engineering Australia
  • SEASAT SEA SATellite
  • SEC Space Environment Center (NWS Center)
  • SECC State EmployeesM-^R Combined Campaign
  • SERON South-Eastern Regional Oxidant Network (DOE, HIS)
  • SEVIRI Spinning Environmental Visible and InfraRed Instrument (Europe)
  • SFOV Single Field-Of-View
  • SFY State Fiscal Year
  • SGI Silicon Graphics Incorporated
  • SGML Standard Generalized Markup Language
  • SGP Southern Great Plains
  • SHARP Summer High School Apprenticeship Research Program (NASA)
  • SHEAL Shuttle High Energy Astrophysics Laboratory (NASA, old)
  • SHEBA Surface Heat Budget of the Arctic Ocean
  • S-HIS Scanning High resolution Interferometer Sounder
  • SI International Standard
  • SIGGRAPH Special Interest Group on computer GRAPHics
  • SIRS Satellite Infrared Radiation Spectrometer (1960s)
  • SLIP Serial Line Internet Protocol
  • SLP Sea-Level Pressure
  • SMA State Meteorological Agency (PRC)
  • SMEX SMall EXplorer
  • SMEX Soil Moisture EXperiment
  • SMMR Scanning Multichannel Microwave Radiometer
  • SMOCC SMOke aerosols, Clouds, rainfall and Climate
  • SMOKE Satellite Monitoring of Oil Fires in Kuwait Expedition (Limaye)
  • SMoKE Satellite Measurements of KuwaitM-^Rs Effluent (Limaye)
  • SMS Synchronous Meteorological Satellite
  • SMTP Simple Mail Transport Protocol (Internet)
  • SN Serial Number
  • SNR Signal to Noise Ratio
  • SNR Super Nova Remnant
  • SO2 sulfur dioxide
  • SOAT Sounder Operational Algorithm Team
  • SOCC Satellite Operations Control Center
  • SOHFI Skin-layer Ocean Heat Flux Instrument
  • SOLSTICE SOLar/STellar Irradiance interComparison Experiment
  • SONIC SPAN: Ocean Network Information Center
  • SOP Special Observing Period
  • SOPFEU SOciM-itM-i de Protection des forM-jts contre le FEU (Quebec)
  • SOTER SOil TERrain project
  • SPACE Satellite Precipitation And Cloud Experiment
  • SPACE Standards Performance Achievement & Curriculum Enhancement-WISE
  • SPAN Space Physics Analysis Network (NASA)
  • SPANDAR SPace ANd range RaDAR
  • SPC Storm Prediction Center (NSSL; NWS Center)
  • SPECTRE SPECTral Radiance Experiment (DOE)
  • SPECTRUM SPecial Experiment Concerning Typhoon Recurvature and Unusual Movement
  • SPF South Polar Feature (Neptune)
  • SPIE Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers
  • SPIU Sensor Processor Interface Unit
  • SPOC Shuttle Payload of Opportunity Carrier
  • SPoRT Short-term Prediction Research and Transition (NASA)
  • SPOT Systeme Probatoire dM-^RObservation de la Terre satellite
  • SPRESO South Pole Remote Earth Science Observatory
  • SRF Spectral Response Function
  • SRI Stanford Research Institute
  • SSA Social Security Administration
  • SSAI
  • SSC Suspended Sediment Concentration
  • SSDC Space Science Data Center
  • SSEC Space Science and Engineering Center
  • SSF Specialized Service Facility (UW)
  • SSI Space Studies Institute
  • SS/L Space Systems/Loral, Inc. (formerly Ford Aerospace Corporation)
  • SSM/I Special Sensor Microwave/Imager
  • SSM/T Special Sensor Microwave/Temperature
  • SST Sea Surface Temperature
  • SSU Stratospheric Sounding Unit (TOVS)
  • ST Space Telescope
  • STAR Center for Satellite Applications and Research
  • START SysTem for Analysis, Research and Training (IGBP)
  • STD Salinity-Temperature-Depth
  • STEP Satellite Technology Education Program (WSGC)
  • STIB Stratosphere-Troposphere Interactions and the Biosphere
  • STIKSCAT STIcK SCATterometer
  • STORM Stormscale Operational and Research Meteorology
  • STORM-FEST STORM-Fronts Experiment Systems Test
  • STS Space Transportation System
  • STScI Space Telescope Science Institute
  • STUC Space Telescope UserM-^Rs Committee
  • SUCCESS SUbsonic aircraft: Contrail and Cloud Effects Special Study (NASA/Ames)
  • SUNY State University of New York
  • SURE Summer Undergraduate Research Experience
  • SVAT Soil-Vegetation-Atmosphere Transfer
  • SW Short Wave
  • SWAMP Science Working Group for the AM Platform (EOS)
  • SWIRLS Stratospheric Wind InfraRed Limb Sounder
  • SYNOP SYNoptic OPeration
  • Synop synoptic (surface) observation
  • SYSOP SYStem OPerator

T

top
  • TASC The Analytic Sciences Corporation
  • Tb Terabytes
  • TBD To Be Determined
  • TC Technical Computing
  • TC Tropical Cyclones
  • TCIPO TOGA COARE International Project Office
  • TCM Tropical Cyclone Motion
  • TCP Transmission Control Protocol
  • TCP/IP Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol
  • TDRSS Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System
  • TEA Teacher Exploring Antarctica
  • TES Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer (EOS, Aura)
  • TESAC TEmperature-SAlinity-Currents
  • THORPEX THe Observing system Research and Prediction EXperiment

3

top
  • 3D-Var Three-Dimensional Variational analysis

T

top
  • TIP TIROS Information Processor (POES)
  • TIROS Television InfraRed Observation Satellite
  • TLA Three-Letter Acronym
  • TMR TOPEX Microwave Radiometer (EOS)
  • TN Technical Note
  • TOGA Tropical Ocean and Global Atmosphere (WCRP)
  • TOMS Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer
  • TOPEX TOPographic EXperiment
  • TOS TIROS Operational Satellite
  • TOVS TIROS Operational Vertical Sounder
  • TPC Tropical Prediction Center (incl. NHC; NWS Center)
  • TPW Total Precipitable Water
  • TRAGEX TRAce Gas EXchange: Mid-latitude terrestrial ecosystems & atmosphere (IGAC)
  • TRMM Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission
  • TSR Terminate and Stay Resident program
  • TSR Thermal and Solar Radiometer
  • TWERLE Tropical Wind, Energy conversion and Reference Level Experiment

U

top
  • UA Upper Air observation
  • UARS Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite
  • UART Universal Asynchronous Receiver Transmitter
  • UAV Unmanned Aerospace Vehicle
  • UCAR University Corporation for Atmospheric Research
  • udres Unidata resource library (not cap.)
  • UFO Unidentified Flying Object
  • UHF Ultra High Frequency
  • UI University of Illinois
  • UIR University/Industry Research (UW-Madison))
  • UIUC University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
  • UK United Kingdom
  • ULTRIX Berkeley UNIX 4.2 (DEC)
  • UN United Nations
  • UNAVCO University NAVstar COnsortium
  • UNCED UN Conference on Environment and Development
  • UNEP United Nations Environment Program
  • UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
  • UnESS University-class Earth System Science (NASA)
  • UNIX not an acronym, a play on MULTIX (TM, AT&T)
  • UPC Unidata Program Center
  • UPI United Press International
  • UPS Uninterruptible Power Supply
  • URL Universal Resource Locator (Internet)
  • USAF United States Air Force
  • USAKA United States Army Kwajalein Atoll
  • USAP United States Antarctic Program
  • USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture
  • USGS U.S. Geological Survey
  • USPS U.S. Postal Service
  • USRA Universities Space Research Association
  • USSR Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (up to September 1991)
  • USSR Union of Sovereign Socialist Republics (after September 1991)
  • UTC Universal Coordinated Time or Universal Time Coordinated (replaces GMT)
  • UTH Upper Tropospheric relative Humidity
  • UV UltraViolet
  • UW University of Wisconsin

V

top
  • V Volts
  • VAAC Volcanic Ash Advisory Center
  • VAB Vehicle Assembly Building (KSC)
  • VAC Volts Alternating Current
  • VAFB Vandenberg Air Force Base
  • VAS VISSR Atmospheric Sounder (launch, 9-9-80)
  • VAX Virtual Address eXtension
  • VCP Venus Composition Probe
  • VCR Video Cassette Recorder
  • VDT Video Display Terminal
  • VDUC VAS Data Utilization Center
  • VEEGA Venus-Earth-Earth Gravity Assist (Galileo)
  • VGA Video Graphics Array (IBM)
  • VHF Very High Frequency
  • VIIRS Visible/Infrared Imager and Radiometer Suite (NPOESS)
  • VIL Volume Imaging Lidar
  • VIPS VDUC Interactive Processing System
  • Vis5D Visualization of Five-Dimensional data
  • VisAD Visualization for Algorithm Development
  • VISIT Virtual Institute for Satellite Integration Training (NWS)
  • VISSR Visible and Infrared Spin-Scan Radiometer
  • VLBI Very Long Baseline Interferometry
  • VLF Very Low Frequency
  • VM Virtual Machine
  • VMS Virtual Memory Systems
  • VOAT VIIRS Operational Algorithm Team
  • VOC Volatile Organic Compound
  • VOCAR Variation of Coastal Atmospheric Refractivity (Navy)
  • VORTEX Verification Of Tornadoes EXperiment
  • VRML Virtual Reality Modeling Language
  • VROOM Virtual Reality ROOM (SIGGRAPH)
  • VTPR Vertical Temperature Profile Radiometer (ITOS)
  • VTR VideoTape Recorder

W

top
  • WAA Wisconsin Alumni Association
  • WAISCORES West Antarctic Ice Sheet CORES
  • WARF Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation
  • WBI Wisconsin Buffer Initiative
  • WCP World Climate Programme
  • WCRP World Climate Research Program (WMO/ICSU)
  • WCSAR Wisconsin Center for Space Automation & Robotics (UW-MSN, Coll.Eng.)
  • WF-ABBA WildFire ABBA
  • WFF Wallops Flight Facility (NASA)
  • WFO Weather Forecast Office (NWS)
  • WFPC Wide Field and Planetary Camera (HST)
  • WG Working Group
  • WHOI Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
  • WIMO WMO International Meteorological Organization
  • WINCE WINter Cloud Experiment
  • Windii Wind Doppler Imaging Interferometer (UARS)
  • WINNERSS Wisconsin Idea National Network Education and Research in the Space Sciences
  • WISC-T2000 Wisconsin Snow Ice-Terra 2000
  • WISE Wisconsin Initiative for Space Education WISPM-^WWide-field Imaging Survey Polarimeter (SAL)
  • WISP Winter Icing and Storms Project
  • WIYN Wisconsin-Indiana-Yale-NOAO consortium
  • w/m2 watt per meter squared
  • WME Wisconsin Model Engine
  • WMO World Meteorological Organization (UN)
  • WOCE World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WCRP)
  • WPOP Winds Product Oversight Panel (NESDIS)
  • WPR Wisconsin Public Radio
  • WPS Wisconsin Physicians Service
  • WRF Weather Research Forecast model
  • WSGC Wisconsin Space Grant Consortium
  • WSI Weather Services International
  • WSMC Western Space and Missile Center
  • WSST Wisconsin Society of Science Teachers
  • WUPPE Wisconsin Ultraviolet PhotoPolarimeter Experiment
  • WVIOP Water Vapor Intensive Observing Period
  • WWII World War II
  • WWRP World Weather Research Programme (WMO)
  • WWW WIDE WORD Workstation (TM, DataRam)
  • WWW World Weather Watch
  • WWW World Wide Web
  • WXP Weather Processor (Unidata/Purdue University)

X

top
  • XBSS X-ray Background Survey Spectrometer
  • XBT eXpendable BathyThermograph
  • XGKS X-window Graphics Kernel System (Unidata)
  • XIE X-ray Imaging Experiment
  • XRAP X-windows Radar Analysis Processing
  • X-Term X-windows Terminal

Last Updated:
December 2, 2008
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